Location: Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST)
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST)
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), formerly Victoria Terminus (VT), is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a historic railway station in Mumbai Maharashtra, India which serves as the headquarters of theCentral Railways. Designed by Frederick William Stevens with influences from Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival architecture and traditional Mughal buildings, the station was built in 1887 in the Bori Bunder area of Mumbai to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria. The new railway station was built on the location of the Bori Bunder Station and is one of the busiest railway stations in India, serving as a terminal for both long-distance trains and commuter trains of the Mumbai Suburban Railway. The station’s name was changed to its present one in March 1996 and it is now known simply as CST (or CSTM).
Bori Bunder (alternatively “Bori Bandar”) was one of the areas along the Eastern shoreline of Mumbai, India which was used as a storehouse for goods imported and exported from Mumbai. In the area’s name, ‘Bori’ means sack and ‘Bandar’ means port or haven (in Marathi); So Bori Bunder literally means a place where sacks are stored. In the 1850s, the Great Indian Peninsular Railway built its railway terminus in this area and the station took its name as Bori Bunder. On 16 April 1853, the Great Indian Peninsula Railway operated the historic first passenger train in India from Bori Bunder to Thane covering a distance of 34 km (21 mi), formally heralding the birth of the Indian Railways. The train between Bori Bunder and Thane took 57 minutes at a distance of 35 km (22 mi) apart. The station took ten years to complete, the longest for any building of that era in Bombay. This famous architectural landmark in a Gothic-revival style was built as the headquarters of the Great Indian Peninsular Railway. Since then, the station came to be known as Bombay VT. (Railway code-BBVT)
Originally intended only to house the main station and the administrative offices of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, a number of ancillary buildings have been added subsequently, all designed so as to harmonize with the main structure. The original platforms were from 1-9. As the Harbour line was being extended from its previous terminus at Dockyard road to VT, to prevent congestion, a new mainline concourse with platforms 10-13 to the east of the existing suburban concourse was constructed, to handle mainline traffic was erected in 1929. The original building is still in use to handle suburban traffic and is used by over three million commuters daily. It is also the administrative headquarters of the Central Railway.
Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji International airport is the unique airport that serves Mumbai, but this airport was created by the fusion of two old airports and some people of Mumbai refer to it as two separate airports. The Domestic Terminal or Terminal 1 was Santa Cruz Airport, and the International Terminal or Terminal 2 was Sahar Airport. Both terminals are 5 kilometers apart, so be sure which terminal are you arriving/departing (Some flights to other Indian cities departs from International Terminal).