Kharghar is a node in the city of Navi Mumbai of Maharashtra state in Konkan division. It is developed by the City and Industrial Development Corporation. Kharghar is located on the Sion Panvel Highway at one and half hour (approx.) drive during peak traffic hours from the heart of Mumbai city. The area started developing in 1995 and now has a number of ready and under-construction projects both in the commercial and residential segments. Kharghar which is said to be the third most developed node of Navi Mumbai after Vashi and Nerul will be administered by a smarter and newly developed Panvel Municipal Corporation.
Kharghar adjoins the Central Business District of Belapur in Navi Mumbai and is bound by two major highways and the picturesque Kharghar Hills. The Taloja industrial estate and Taloja creek are located on the east. Kharghar is primarily a residential township but also has several educational institutions.
Kharghar measures about 1700 ha, 7 km long and 5 km wide. There are 12 village settlements located in Kharghar node having a combined population of 20,000. Kharghar is divided into 45 sectors. The general levels vary from 1.5 to 15.0 meters within the site. A third of the site is almost flat, but the areas close to the creek are low-lying. Kharghar hills bring a huge amount of rainwater, which is directed into the creek through the node as well as the Central Park area.
When fully built, it is expected to have 14 such townships with a combined population of four million and one million jobs. Kharghar is one of the 14 nodes and is being developed by CIDCO for an estimated population of about 50,000.
Kharghar is located on the outskirts of Mumbai. It falls in Raigad district. Kharghar railway station lies on Central Railway’s Harbour line, a part of Mumbai’s suburban railway network. It takes about 65 minutes to reach Kharghar by train from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus.
A drive by road from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus takes about 60 minutes via the Eastern Freeway. LokmanyaTilak Terminus, another important Railway Station is also 45 minutes drive by road from Kharghar via the Santacruz – Chembur Link Road. The six-lane Mumbai-Pune Expressway starts at Kalamboli (4 km from Kharghar). The place is easily approachable from Pune and the other major cities of the state like Thane, Kalyan, Nashik etc. Within the suburbs, NMMT buses are available frequently between stations, nodes and within sectors. NMMT buses are available from Kharghar to Vashi, Chembur, Sion, Dadar, Thane, Panvel, Uran, and Taloja. NMMT runs their AC Volvo buses from Kharghar to Dadar, Borivali and Cuff Parade. BEST buses are also available from Kharghar to Vashi, Sion, Dadar, and Ghatkopar.
Private cars and two-wheelers continue to serve as the prime means of transport. Private taxis offer services from Kharghar to other parts of Navi Mumbai and Mumbai.
Navi Mumbai Metro
The first phase of Navi Mumbai Metro will be from “Belapur” to “Pendhar” via “Kharghar”. The planning and construction of the Navi Mumbai Metro are being overseen by CIDCO. The foundation stone for the project was laid on 1 May 2011 and the project was expected to be operational from an end of the year 2017.
Navi Mumbai International Airport
The proposed new Navi Mumbai International Airport was initially expected to be operational by 2014 in the Kopra area between Khandeshwar and Kamothe. This was passed by CIDCO on August 1, 2009. Despite getting environmental clearance from the Centre almost three years ago, the project was stuck due to protracted negotiations with farmers who wanted a compensation package of Rs 20 crore per hectare or 35 percent of the land bank as a developed plot.
The project, which will come up on 1,160 hectares of land, will be built in four phases. The first phase with an annual capacity of 10 million passengers will be completed by 2018. After the completion of the whole project, it will cater to about 60 million passengers a year.
The affected villagers will mostly be rehabilitated in a new township called Pushpak Nagar and in Wadghar and Wahal villages around the project area. Under the project plan, the rare island village of Waghivali in Panvel creek will be converted into a mangrove lagoon and its ecology will be maintained.
There is also a plan to build a sea link between Nhava Sheva and Sewri, thus making the new airport accessible to not only Navi Mumbai residents but also the residents of south Mumbai as well.