Miraj pronunciation is a city in southern Maharashtra, India, that was founded in the early 10th century. It was an important Jagir of the Adil Shahi Court of Bijapur. Chhatrapati Shivaji stayed in Miraj for two months during his South India Campaign. Because of its location, Miraj has been held as a strategic bastion, There were many remains of the fort but they have been demolished to construct the road.it was the capital of Miraj Senior and an important junction on the central railway network. The Patwardhan family were the hereditary rulers of Miraj until independence.
In 1024 AD, Miraj was ruled by Narasimha of the Silahar dynasty. From 1216 to 1316, the Yadavas of Devgiri ruled the town. In 1395, the Bahamanis conquered Miraj. Between 1391 and 1403, Miraj was affected by the Durgadevi famine. From 1423, Malik Imad Ul Mulk ruled Miraj. 1494 was the year of Bahadur Khan Gilani’s rebellion. For two months of 1660, Shivaji Maharaj and Adilshah battled for control of Miraj.
Miraj Junction railway station is an important junction on the Central Railway. It was the only junction to have all three rail gauges – broad gauge, narrow gauge and meter gauge. The last narrow gauge train departed on 1 November 2008. Miraj now has only broad gauge railway tracks. Miraj is connected by railway to Pune on the north, Kurduvadi via Pandharpuron north-northeast and Belgaum and Goa in the south. In February 2011, passenger trains from Kolhapur to Solapur began running on the converted Miraj-Pandharpur-Kurduvadibroad gauge track.
Miraj lies off the Mumbai-Pune-Bangalore national highway, NH4.
• Exit NH4 at Peth Naka while driving from the north (from Mumbai and Pune).
• Exit NH4 at Shiroli Naka while driving from the south (from Goa, Belgaum or Bangalore).
The two exits from NH4 form a triangle with Sangli and Miraj which lie about 50 km from each exit. Though the time taken to travel from Miraj is variable, depending on speed and other factors, Mumbai is about 7 hours and Bangalore is about 11 hours drive away.