New Panvel is a residential, commercial, and educational node of Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, and comes under the Konkan division. New Panvel was developed on marshy land and was previously a Mango cultivated area. New Panvel is divided into two parts: New Panvel (E), on the eastern side of Panvel railway station, and Khanda Colony or New Panvel (W) on the western side of it. Both parts of New Panvel are connected by a flyover bridge also known as Khanda Colony Flyover. New Panvel (W) is also popularly called Khanda Colony by the local villagers, as the city is adjacent to two small villages Dhakta Khanda and Motha Khanda (Greater Khanda).
Khanda and Khandeshwar Railway stations derive their names from a very old Shiva Temple known as Khandeshwar Mahadev along the sides of the lake of Khandeshwar. The locals host the Mahashivratri festival on the banks of the Khandeshwar lake every year. Takka Naka is a new node of New Panvel being developed by CIDCO. Major commercial activities are present in sectors 15 to 19 just outside the railway station on the eastern side. K Mall is a shopping center in New Panvel’s, Takka Naka node while Orion Mall along the Mumbai-Pune highway beside the Panvel Bus depot is emerging as a shopping destination in town.
The planned Navi Mumbai International Airport is expected to affect real estate prices in the surrounding area of New Panvel which are under development. Sector 17 of New Panvel West bound by the JNPT bypass and NH-4 alongside Motha Khanda is located near the railway station. A few residential buildings in New Panvel West come under the “A Type” CIDCO settlements, and offer budget housing for lower-income groups.
Almost the whole of New Panvel (W) has been planned and developed. New Panvel (E) is under constant, rapid, and organized development. New Panvel (E) also boasts of some good countryside view with the Prabalgad Fort and Prabalmachi Mountain located to the east. New Panvel also has a river locally known as the river ‘Kalundre’ situated on the banks of Panvel Creek. Kava Galli is a road near Khandeshwar temple known for its enormous crow population, large amount of crows & cranes use this place for breeding as it is near the water source of Khandeshwar lake.
The development and maintenance authority of New Panvel is City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO).
New Panvel is located on the western side of the Mumbai-Bangalore National Highway and the Mumbai-Pune Expressway.
New Panvel is divided into two parts – New Panvel East and New Panvel West, later called Khanda Colony. They have 23 and 19 sectors respectively.
New Panvel is just adjacent to the proposed Navi Mumbai International Airport. A Reliance SEZ is also coming up in the vicinity. It has a number of schools, colleges, and hospitals to meet the needs of its residents.
Panvel is surrounded by some major Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) managed regions like Patalganga, Taloja, Nagothane, Roha, Bhiwandi, and Khopoli.
Some of the Indian industry majors like Larsen & Toubro, Reliance, Hindustan Organic Chemicals Limited, ONGC, IPCL are based around Panvel providing mass employment. The JNPT port is also located near Panvel. New SEZs declared by the government are coming around Panvel.
Mega City Project
Mumbai’s satellite mega-city, Navi Mumbai, which has gained prominence with the recent Cabinet approval for a green-field world-class airport, is witnessing hectic construction activity with India’s biggest developers launching their showpiece projects in and around the city.
The State Government approved Panvel Mega City Project would be implemented by the MMRDA. The city will have three parts viz. Energy City, Information Technology and Telecom City, and Entertainment City. The project is expected to create employment for 7.5 lakh people. The first phase is expected to be ready by 2014 while the entire project will be completed by 2020.
Tourism in Panvel
A number of tourism spots are located near Panvel.
Khandeshwar park is around the Khandeshwar Mahadev mandir and the Khandeshwar lake.
The Karnala fort and Karnala Bird Sanctuary. Karnala is located around 65 km away from Mumbai, 120 km away from Pune, and 13 km away from Panvel. The sanctuary is 25m above sea level while the fort itself is 370m above sea level.
The Bet El Synagogue. The only one in Panvel is one of the most well-known religious places around where both Jews and Non-Jews can visit.
Two of the eight Ashtavinayak temples of Lord Ganesha are located near Panvel, Ballaleshwar at (Pali), and Varadvinayak at Mahad near Khopoli.
Panvel is an important junction point as many major highways meet and pass through the city. The Mumbai-Pune Expressway, Sion-Panvel Expressway, NH 4B, and NH 17 start from here while NH 4 passes through Panvel. The proposed SH 54 from Panvel to Bhimashankar will boost connectivity till Chakan. Roads inside New Panvel are maintained by CIDCO while those in the old Panvel are by PMC. New Panvel, being developed by CIDCO, has well-planned and wide-lane major roads and even the arterial roads are two-lanes. Old Panvel has relatively less maintained roads which are very congested due to a lack of planning on part of the PMC.
The new Navi Mumbai International Airport, which is to come up around the Panvel-Kopra area, would be built through a public-private partnership (PPP) — with private sector partner getting 74% equity while the Airport Authority of India (AAI) and the Maharashtra government through CIDCO holding 13% each. The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) has already given techno-feasibility clearance to the Navi Mumbai airport and the central cabinet has cleared it.
The airport site is located in an area of 1160 hectares accommodating two parallel runways for simultaneous & independent operations with the provision of full-length taxiways on either side of the runways. The airfield has been designed to accommodate the new large aircraft compatible with International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) Aerodrome Code 4F.
NMIA will support the rapidly growing air travel needs of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. It is expected to absorb annually 10 million passengers in its first operational year 2017, 25 million by 2020 followed by 45 million passengers in 2025, and ultimately 60 million by 2030.
Panvel railway station is one of the most important junctions on the Konkan Railway. The Harbour line from Mumbai CST, a central line from Diva/Karjat, the western freight corridor from JNPT, and the Konkan railway line from Mangalore meet at Panvel. The Panvel railway station comes under the Mumbai division of the central railway.
Panvel is a terminating station of Mumbai railway’s harbor line. Platforms 1, 2, 3 & 4 are for suburban trains while platforms 5, 6 & 7 are for main line trains. Panvel is the busiest railway station in Navi Mumbai. 9 pairs of daily express trains, 13 pairs of non-daily express trains, and 12 daily commuters (passenger) trains stop here. Konkan railway connecting Mumbai to south India passes through Panvel. Also, the Ernakulam-Nizamuddin Duronto has a technical halt at Panvel for a crew change, refueling, and catering. In addition, Panvel handles 116 suburban trains that are connected to Mumbai CST, Wadala Road, Andheri, and Thane.
Panvel is a major station and is considered equivalent to Mumbai’s stations for trains that skip Mumbai. The trains run on diesel traction and alternating current (the tracks to Konkan are not electrified south of Panvel), and Panvel is a refueling point for their locomotives. In addition to refueling, Panvel has a huge number of parcel bookings, and most trains stop for periods varying from 5 minutes to 20 minutes for technical purposes. Panvel also handles crew and locomotive change for long-distance passenger/freight trains. Panvel railway station also has siding for suburbs trains located in New Panvel (W) and for locomotives in New Panvel (E). There are two railway stations in the node. The first one is located in Sector 17 of New Panvel (E) and the second is located in sector 17 of New Panvel (W) named Khandeshwar.
There are two main bus stands in Panvel – ST stands on the National Highway and NMMT stands near Railway Station. The ST buses are available from Panvel to Thane, Kalyan, Dombivali, Badlapur, Dadar, and Uran as well as beyond the city. NMMT buses are available from Panvel to Dadar, Thane, Vashi, and the inner sectors of New Panvel.