Beed is a city in a central region of Maharashtra state in India. It is the administrative headquarters in Beed district.
The city has Semi-arid, hot and dry climate consisting mainly of three seasons. Summers are long, ranging almost five months from mid-February to June. Temperatures in summer-fall between 31 °C (87.8 °F) – 40 °C (104 °F) (1997 average). However, it may reach higher than 40 °C in searching summer. May is the hottest month of a year with an average daily temperature of 42 °C (107.6 °F). Winters are short with temperatures ranging within 12 °C (53.6 °F) – 20 °C (68 °F). December is the coldest month in a year. Occasionally, the temperature may fall as low as 3 °C (37.4 °F) or 4 °C (39.2 °F) due to northern cold waves. Relative humidity in winter is the lowest and December is the driest month in a year with the relative humidity as low as 30%. Rains are scarce and occur only during the Monsoon from mid-June to September. Annual average rainfall is 66.6 cm (26.22 inches). The average rainfall has dropped 9.6 cm from the averages recorded during the 1900s. An average number of rainy days in a year is 41. September gets the maximum rainfall in a year while July has the maximum rainy days. The highest rainfall recorded in 24 hours (19.18 cm) occurred on 17 August 1887. The climate of Beed can be compared with that of Pune city’s climate. Beed receives low rainfall because it is located in a rain shadow area.
Beed is a historical city of possibly medieval origin. But the early history is obscure. Historians speculate; based on archaeological remains, that the city might have been founded by the Yadava rulers (1173–1317) of Devagiri (Daulatabad). Beed was a part of the State of Hyderabad (Asaf Jahi Kingdom) of Nizams in British India. Operation Polo, the code name of the Hyderabad “Police Action” was a military operation in September 1948 in which the Indian Armed Forces invaded the State of Hyderabad and overthrew its Nizam, annexing the state into the Indian Union. Beed remained in annexed Hyderabad state until 1956 when it was included in Bombay Presidency. On 1 May 1960 Maharashtra state was created on linguistic basis and Marathi dominant Beed district became part of Maharashtra. The early history of Beed is unknown and there is a contradiction in the historical accounts in defining the foundation and early history. According to legend, Beed was an inhabited place in the period of Pandavas and Kurus as Durgavati. Its name was subsequently changed to Balni. The early history of the Beed is obscure until it became part of Tughluq empire. If the city was founded in the Yadava era then possibly it happened in king Singhana’s (1210–47) period, when the Yadava dynasty was at its height. Singhana may have built Kankaleshwar temple with a small surrounding city. Beed came under Muslim rule for the first time in 1317 when Qutb-ud-Din Mubarak Shah (1316–20), the last Khalji, captured Devagiri and Yadava dynasty was ended. Beed remained under Khaljis until 1320 when Ghiyas-ud-Din Tughluq (1320–25) took over. In 1327 Muhammad bin Tughluq (1325–51) made Daulatabad his capital.
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Place of Interest
There are several historical buildings located in the town of which Kankaleshwar Temple is the most famous. There are remains of citadel wall which protect a part of the old town from rare but violent floods of Bendsura river. Some other places to visit in the city are Rakshbhuvan (Shani Dev), Khandoba Temple etc.