Location: Buldhana District
Buldhana District is a district in the Amravati division of Maharashtra state in western India. It is situated at the westernmost border of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra and is 500 km from the state capital, Mumbai. It is bounded by Madhya Pradesh on the north, Akola, Washim, and Amravati districts on the east, Jalna district on the south, and Jalgaon and Aurangabad districts on the west. Buldhana is religiously important as the site of the Shri Gajanan Maharaj temple, at Shegaon
Buldhana has a tropical climate. In winter, there is much less rainfall in Buldhana than in summer. This climate is considered to be Aw according to the Koppen-Geiger climate classification. The average annual temperature is 25.6 °C in Buldhana.
The name of the district is derived probably from Bhil Thana (place of Bhils, a tribal group). Buldhana, along with the rest of Berar Province, was part of the kingdom of Vidarbha mentioned in the Mahabharata, a Sanskrit epic poem. Berar formed part of the Maurya Empire during the reign of Ashoka (272–231 BCE). Berar came under the rule of the Satavahana dynasty (2nd century BCE–2nd century CE), the Vakataka dynasty (3rd to 6th centuries), the Chalukya dynasty (6th to 8th centuries), the Rashtrakuta Dynasty (8th to 10th centuries), the Chalukyas again (10th to 12th centuries), and finally the Yadava dynasty of Devagiri (late 12th to early 14th centuries). A period of Muslim rule began when Alauddin Khalji, Sultan of Delhi, conquered the region in the early 14th century. The region was part of the Bahmani Sultanate, which broke away from the Delhi Sultanate in the mid-14th century. The Bahmani Sultanate broke up into smaller sultanates at the end of the 15th century, and in 1572 Berar became part of the Nizam Shahi sultanate, based at Ahmednagar. The Nizam Shahis ceded Berar to the Mughal Empire in 1595. As Mughal rule started to unravel at the start of the 18th century, Asaf Jah I, Nizam of Hyderabad, seized the southern provinces of the empire (including Berar) in 1724, forming an independent state.
Motor bus, jeep, two-wheeler and railway are the popular modes of transport.
There is many Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation bus stands in all towns of the district. There are State Transport bus depots at Buldhana, Malkapur, Chikhli, Mehkar, Khamgaon, Shegaon, and Jalgaon-Jamod.
The electrified double-line broad-gauge railway passes through Malkapur, Nandura, and Shegaon Tehsils. It is under the Bhusawal-Badnera Section of Bhusawal Division of the Central Railway. This main line was originally under the Great Indian Peninsula Railway and the branch line between Jalamb and Khamgaon was under the Khamgaon State Railway.
The railway stations in the district, with their codes, are Khamkhed (KMKD), Malkapur (MKU), Wadoda (WDD), Biswa Bridge (BIS), Nandura (NN), Kumgaon Burti (KJL), Jalamb Junction (JM), Khamgaon (KMN), Shegaon (SEG), and Shrikshetra Nagzari (NGZ).
A computerized railway reservation facility is available at Buldhana, Malkapur, and Shegaon, while manual reservation facility is available at City Booking Office, Khamgaon, Nandura, and Jalamb Junction.
National Highway 6 passes through Khamgaon, Nandura, and Malkapur towns in the district.
Vehicles from Nagpur, Amravati, and Akola pass through Khamgaon, Chikhli, Deulgaonraja while going towards Jalna, Aurangabad, and Pune.
The nearest airport is at Aurangabad which is 150 km from district headquarters.
Place of interest
• Lonar crater lake is located in Buldhana district. It is the second largest impact crater in basaltic rock in the world. It was formed 60,000 years ago by a meteor impact. The pH of the water is about 11 (extremely alkaline). Lonar Crater has very different flora and fauna in its vicinity.
• The Dnyanganga Sanctuary is situated in the district. There is good forest area in the sanctuary.
• Shri Shiddheshwar Bhagwan Sansthan, Kolara. 10 km from Chikhali on Mehakar Road, Place of Kalbhairav, also Visit Rambhau Maharaj Sansthan.
• Temple of Shri Renuka Devi in Chikhli
• Balaji Temple, Vyankatgiri, Buldhana
• Budheshwar Temple, Madh, Buldhana (From this place river Painganga originates)
• Temple of Jagadamba Mata, Buldhana
• Balaji Temple in Mehkar
• Balaji Temple in Deulgaon Raja
• Dargah of Hazrath Sailani Baba in Sailani near Raipur
• Dargah of Hazrat Shah Inayatullah, Sabri (R.), Nandura
• Dargah of Hazrat Sufi Sar Mast, Kalandar (R.), Nandura
• Panch Pandav temple, Kawhala
• Shri Bapuji Maharaj in Malegaon Gond
• Dnyanganga Sanctuary
• Ambabarva Sanctuary
• The world’s biggest Hanuman idol 105 feet in Nandura
• Palsi Supo Supoji Maharaj Temple
• Hanuman Mandir by Samarth Ramdas at Waghali, near Khamgaon
• Holy Buddha vihara garadgoan, near khamgaon
• Kondhana Jagdamba Utsav Mandal in Mutthe-Layout, Buldhana
• Parmanand Sarashwati Maharaj Temple at Ran-antari Tq Chikhali ran-antri is near to ambashi
• Maruti temple at Ambashi .Tq.Chikhali.Dist.Buldana.
• Jagadamba Mata Temple Ambashi Tq.Chikhali Dist. Buldhana.