Location: Gondia District
Gondia district, also known as Gondiya district, is an administrative district in the state of Maharashtra in India. The district headquarters are located at Gondia (Gondiya). The district occupies an area of 5,431 km² and has a population of 1,200,707 of which 11.95% were urban (as of 2001). The district is part of Nagpur Division.
Gondia District is one among 34 Districts of Maharashtra State ,India. It belongs to Vidarbh Region . Gondia District Administrative head quarter is Gondia. It is is Located 950 KM west towards State capital Mumbai . Gondia District population is 1322331. It is 28 th Largest District in the State by population.
The region to the south of the Godavari was inhabited by the aborigines, who are called Rakshasas in the Ramayana where the region is mentioned. Initially the district was included in the seventh century in the territories of the Haihaya Rajput kings of Chhattisgarh whose kingdom was known as Maha Kosala. Gondia or Gondiya was a part of Bhandara retains some recollection of Hindu kings who ruled from Nagardhan. The 12th century saw the rule of Panwars (Rajput) who were subsequently ousted by Gond chiefs who asserted their independence of the Ratanpur dynasty. This was followed by Raghoji Bhonsle of Vidarbha who established himself as the king of Vidarbha in 1743. In 1755, Janoji was declared as the sovereign of the territory, after the death of his father Raghoji Bhonsle. The two brothers Mudhoji and Rupaji of Raghoji Bhonsle of Hingani-Beradi were contemporaries of Shahaji, the father of Chhatrapati Shivaji and one of the ancestors of the Bhonsles of Nagpur who rehabilitated the village of Beradi was probably the contemporary of Maloji, the grandfather of Chhatrapati Shivaji. After the death of Sambhaji, during the Mughal-Maratha conflict, Parasoji rendered invaluable help to Rajaram who had succeeded to the throne of Chhatrapati. The territories of Vidarbha and Berar from which he had exacted tribute were given to his charge under a grant made in 1699 A.D.
In 1707 after the death of Aurangzeb when Shahu was released by Muhammad Azam, Parasoji Bhonsle was the first of the Maratha nobles to join him in west Khandesh.
The 17th century saw the invasion of the Peshwas who were instrumental in making the district a part of Berar. The Peshwas were succeeded by the Nizams during the 1850s; the Nizam ceded Berar to the British East India Company. In 1903 the Nizam leased Berar to the British Government of India. It was transferred to the Central Provinces. In 1956, with the re-organization of states, Bhandara was transferred from Madhya Pradesh to Bombay Province and in 1960 with the formation of Maharashtra; it became a district of the state and was carved out of Bhandara district in 1999.
Gondia is also known as Rice City, as it is a rice producing district and has about 250 rice mills near the vicinity of the city. It is also a major trading place. The Mumbai-Nagpur-Kolkata Road is the only national highway passing through the district, which covers a total distance of 99.37 km. Gondia has bus connectivity to Jabalpur, Nagpur, Raipur and Hyderabad.
An official Census 2011 detail of Gondiya (Gondia), a district of Maharashtra has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Maharashtra. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Gondiya District of Maharashtra.
In 2011, Gondiya had population of 1,322,507 of which male and female were 661,554 and 660,953 respectively. In 2001 census, Gondiya had a population of 1,200,707 of which males were 598,834 and remaining 601,873 were females. Gondiya District population constituted 1.18 percent of total Maharashtra population. In 2001 census, this figure for Gondiya District was at 1.24 percent of Maharashtra population.
There was change of 10.14 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Gondiya District recorded increase of 10.54 percent to its population compared to 1991.
Geography and Climate
It is Located at Latitude-21.4, Longitude-80.1. Gondia District is sharing border with Rajnandgaon District to the East , Balaghat District to the North , Bhandara District to the west , Gadchiroli District to the South . It is sharing Border with Chattisgarh State to the East, Madhya Pradesh State to the North . Gondia District occupies an area of approximately 4843 square kilometres. . Its in the 327 meters to 245 meters elevation range.This District belongs to Western India.
It is too Hot in summer. Gondia District summer highest day temperature is in between 32 °C to 47 °C. Average temperatures of January is 22 °C, February is 24 °C, March is 29 °C, April is 34 °C, May is 37 °C.
District Headquarters Gondia is well connected by road . Gondiya , Tirora are the Cities in this district having road connectivity to major towns and remote villages. Gondia is about 950 KM by road to Mumbai (Capital of Maharashtra)
Some of the rail way stations in district are Gondia Jn , Tirora , Amgaon , Salekasa , Bortalao , Darekasa , Gudma , Kachewani …. which connects most of the towns and villages in the District.
Maharashtra State Road Transportation ( MSRTC) runs Busses from Major cities to Towns and Villages in this District.
Place of interest
• Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary
• Hazara Falls
• Nawegaon National Park
• Suryadeo Mando Devi Temples
• Nawegaon Lake
• Navegaon National Park
• Kachargadh Caves
• Itiadoh Dam
• Chakradhar Swami Temple
• Tibetan Camp
• Chulbandh Dam
• Darekasa Caves
• Shree Sant Lahari Ashram