Prophet Muhammad ﷺ

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ (peace be upon him), also known as the “Seal of the Prophets,” is the final prophet of Islam and the founder of the Islamic religion. He was born in Mecca in the Arabian Peninsula in 570 CE and received his first revelation from God through the angel Gabriel (Jibrail) at the age of 40, which marked the beginning of his prophethood.

Last and final messenger of God

Father Name: Prophet Muhammad’s ﷺ father’s name was Abdullah bin Abdul-Muttalib. Abdullah belonged to the clan of Banu Hashim, which was a prominent clan in the tribe of Quraysh in Mecca.

Date of Birth: Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was born on the 12th of Rabi’ al-Awwal, in the year 570 CE according to the Gregorian calendar. This date corresponds to the 20th of April in the Julian calendar.

Birthplace and Native Place: Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was born in the city of Mecca, which is located in the western part of the Arabian Peninsula. Mecca was a bustling commercial center at the time, and it was also an important center for religious pilgrimage.

Family Details: Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was born into a family of modest means. His mother’s name was Aminah bint Wahb, and she passed away when he was only six years old. His grandfather, Abdul-Muttalib, was the head of the Banu Hashim clan and was highly respected in Mecca. After Abdul-Muttalib passed away, the responsibility of taking care of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ fell to his uncle, Abu Talib, who was also a prominent figure in Mecca.

An Overview of Their Entire Life: Prophet Muhammad’s ﷺ life can be divided into two major periods: the pre-Prophethood period and the Prophethood period.

Pre-Prophethood Period: During the pre-Prophethood period, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ lived a relatively uneventful life. He worked as a shepherd in his youth and then became a trader and a merchant, traveling to Syria and other parts of the Arabian Peninsula. He was known for his honesty, integrity, and good character, and he was highly respected in Mecca.

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ PBUH

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ

In 595 CE, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ married a wealthy widow named Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, who was fifteen years older than him. Khadijah was a successful businesswoman, and she provided Prophet Muhammad ﷺ with the financial stability to pursue his spiritual interests.

Prophethood Period: In 610 CE, when Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was forty years old, he received his first revelation from God through the angel Gabriel while he was meditating in a cave on Mount Hira. This event marked the beginning of his Prophethood.

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ spent the next 23 years of his life spreading the message of Islam, which emphasizes monotheism, social justice, compassion, and personal responsibility. He taught his followers to worship only one God, Allah, and to follow the Five Pillars of Islam, which include the declaration of faith (Shahada), prayer (Salah), charity (Zakat), fasting (Sawm), and pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj).

Initially, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ only shared his message with his family and close friends, but as he began to receive more revelations, he started to preach publicly. He faced intense opposition from the people of Mecca, who were largely resistant to his message of monotheism and social justice. However, despite the challenges he faced, his followers grew in number and he gained many supporters.

Throughout his life, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ faced numerous challenges and opposition from the people of Mecca, who were largely resistant to his message. However, his perseverance and leadership eventually led to the establishment of a strong and unified Muslim community.

Last and final messenger of God

In 622 CE, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and his followers were forced to flee Mecca and seek refuge in the city of Medina, which became the new center of the Muslim community. This event, known as the Hijra, marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar.

In Medina, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ established a strong and unified Muslim community, and he continued to spread the message of Islam through both peaceful and defensive means. He also established a constitution that laid out the rights and responsibilities of all citizens, regardless of their religion or ethnicity.

In 630 CE, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and his followers returned to Mecca and peacefully conquered the city. He forgave his former enemies and granted them amnesty, thus demonstrating his commitment to compassion and forgiveness.

The life of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ is documented in the Islamic holy book, the Quran, as well as in numerous historical texts and biographies. His teachings and life story have been studied and revered by Muslims and non-Muslims alike for centuries, and his influence continues to be felt in every aspect of Muslim life and culture.

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ passed away in 632 CE at the age of 63, leaving behind a legacy of faith, justice, and compassion that has inspired millions of people around the world. Muslims consider him to be the last and greatest of all prophets, and his teachings continue to serve as a source of guidance and inspiration for Muslims worldwide.

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ PBUH


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