Parbhani is a city in the Maharashtra state of India. It is the administrative headquarters of Parbhani District. Parbhani is the fourth largest city in Marathwada region of Maharashtra after Aurangabad, Nanded, and Latur. Parbhani is around 200 kilometers (120 mi) away from regional headquarter Aurangabad while it is 491 km (305 mi) away from the state capital Mumbai.
Along with entire Marathwada region, Parbhani was a part of the erstwhile Nizam State; later a part of Hyderabad State; after the reorganization of states in 1956 it became a part of the then Bombay state, and from 1960 onwards it is part of the present Maharashtra state.
Parbhani is home to Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Agricultural University, which is one of only four agriculture universities of Maharashtra. Moreover, Parbhani also has an annual festival at Hazrat Turabul Haq Dargah, which attracts lakhs of tourists each year.
Parbhani’s climate is classified as tropical. When compared with winter, the summers have much more rainfall. The Koppen-Geiger climate classification is Aw. The average annual temperature is 26.9 °C in Parbhani. The rainfall here averages 918 mm.
The transport system of the city is largely dependent on rails. Parbhani railway station is a railway junction situated on Secunderabad-Manmad section of South Central Railway Zone. The town has connectivity to major cities of Maharashtra, such as Aurangabad, Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune, and Ajmer. It is also connected to other Indian cities like New Delhi, Ajmer, Hyderabad, Nizamabad, Visakhapatnam and Chennai. Parbhani Junction has many facilities, such as baggage check, metal detectors, VIP Lounge, parking, ATMs, ATVM (Automatic Ticket Vending Machines), canteen (Rail Aahar), fruit stalls, book stalls, Indian Post (Bhartiya Daak), foot over-bridges, water for passenger’s, milk dairy, television, wifi network (54Mbit/s), etc.
Central Bus Station of Parbhani connects Parbhani to other states of India, such as Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. There are multiple daily buses of MSRTC Parbhani Division between Parbhani to other metropolitan cities within Maharashtra, and although at less frequency, there are buses to metropolitan cities from other states mentioned above.
National Highway 61 old numbering NH222, which connects the states Telangana and Maharashtra, passes through the town, which makes it have connectivity to Mumbai, Nanded. The NH61 paves its way into National Highway 3 at Kalyan. These highways open further connectivity options for Parbhani, making it to connect with north-eastern cities of Indore, Jhansi, Agra and North-Southern cities like Varanasi, Nagpur, Adilabad, Nizamabad, Hyderabad, Bangalore and Kanyakumari.
On December 31, 1998 State Government approved to construct airport in Parbhani. Which was later stalled on November 1, 2001. This project is currently shelved. The location for airport was never decided.
Municipal transport buses were used to serve the city, but now “Auto Rikshaw” (three wheelers) is only public transport available in the city. During the yearly Urus (first fortnight of February month) The Municipal Corporation starts daily city buses across all major areas/neighbourhoods of Parbhani city.
Place of Interest
• Jabareshwar Temple, Parbhani
• Pardeshwar Temple, Parbhani
• Lord Narasimha Temple, Parbhani
• Mudgaleshwar Temple, Parbhani
• Shirdi Saibaba Janmshtan Mandir, Parbhani
• Balaji Temple, Parbhani
• Hazarat Turabul Haq Shah Dargah, Parbhani
• Sant Janabai Temple, Parbhani
• Mahadev Temple, Parbhani
• Jintur Neminath Jain Temple, Parbhani
• Buddha Mandir, Parbhani
• Depchari Dam And Reservoir, Parbhani