kurduwadi is a small city in Solapur district in the Maharashtra state of India. It is situated on Barshi Light Railway. national Indian railway workshop is in kurduwadi. the kurduwadi railway station is a junction. It is known mainly for the railway junction connecting two different rail tracks. Prior to gauge conversion, it used to be a junction with different size gauge tracks. There are some beautiful gardens in kurduwadi. Snacks such as Pav Bhaji, Pani-Puri, Dosa, Ice-cream, Chinese, Bhel are popular among locals.
Kurduwadi’s climate is a local steppe climate. There is not much rainfall in Kurduwadi all year long. This climate is considered to be BSh according to the Koppen-Geiger climate classification. In Kurduwadi, the average annual temperature is 26.4 °C. The rainfall here averages 640 mm.
Kurduwadi is known mainly for the narrow gauge railway workshop and railway junction, Kurduvadi railway station, on Central Railway of Indian Railways. A branch railway line takes off from Kuruwadi connecting Osmanabad and Latur towards East and Pandharpur and Miraj towards South-West. The branch line called Barshi Light Railway was narrow gauge until 2008. Now it has been converted to broad gauge. The new broad gauge track made a detour to connect Osmanabad which was not connected by the railway line. The converted broad gauge track from Latur to Osmanabad was commissioned in September 2007 and the converted broad gauge track from Osmanabad-Barshi to Kurduvadi was commissioned in October 2008.
Kurduwadi is a railway junction where one major railway track between Wadi and Daund and a branch line track between Latur Road and Miraj intersect. The track from Daund continues to Pune and Mumbai towards the west and to Manmad towards north-northwest. The branch line from Latur towards the east of Kurduvadi connects Miraj in south-southwest and was called Barshi Light Railway as it was a narrow gauge track. Solapur lies southeast of Kurduvadi and connects to Bijapur. A part of the narrow gauge Barshi Light Railway track from Kurduvadi to Pandharpur (52 km) was converted to broad gauge in 2001. The narrow-gauge track from Pandharpur to Miraj was converted to broad gauge in 2010. The converted broad gauge track was commissioned in the last quarter of 2010 for freight trains and February 2011 for passenger trains. Now trains run on the broad gauge track from Miraj to Kurduvadi. These include trains from Miraj to Parbhani and from Kolhapur to Solapur via Miraj. The converted Miraj-Kurduvadi railway line has shortened the railway distance between Kolhapur, Solapur, and Parbhani.
The gauge conversion project from Latur to Miraj took almost two decades to complete.