Gondia (also spelled Gondiya) is a city in the state of Maharashtra in Central India, and is the administrative headquarter of the Gondia District. Gondia is sometimes known as Rice City due to the abundance of rice mills in the area, and is notable for its historical airport that was built by the British during the 1940s. Gondia is very close to the state of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattishgarh, and is considered the gateway to Maharashtra from Central and Eastern India. There are large number of rice mills and some small-scale tobacco industries as well.
The summers here have a good deal of rainfall, while the winters have very little. According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as Aw. The average annual temperature is 26.7 °C in Gondia.
Gondia district also known as Gondiya district, is an administrative district in the state of Maharashtra in India. The district headquarters are located at Gondia (Gondiya). The district occupies an area of 5,431 km² and has a population of 1,200,707 of which 11.95% were urban (as of 2001).
Gondiya city is governed by Municipal Corporation and is situated in Maharashtra State/UT.
As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Gondiya in 2011 is 132,813; of which male and female are 66,500 and 66,313 respectively.
In education section, total literates in Gondiya city are 111,673 of which 57,615 are males while 54,058 are females. Average literacy rate of Gondiya city is 93.30 percent of which male and female literacy was 96.46 and 90.16 percent.
The sex ratio of Gondiya city is 997 per 1000 males. Child sex ratio of girls is 939 per 1000 boys.
Total children (0-6) in Gondiya city are 13,123 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 6,768 boys while 6,355 are girls. The child forms 9.88 % of total population of Gondiya City.
Total no. of Slums in Gondiya city numbers 8,955 in which population of 41,790 resides. This is around 31.47% of total population of Gondiya city.
Gondia railway station is the biggest junction in India, and has heavy passenger and goods traffic. It is an A-Grade station on the Howrah-Mumbai route. The station has seven platforms, each with potable water, tea stalls, benches and waiting sheds. There is also a fruit stall and a bookstall. The station is equipped with A/C waiting rooms for passengers travelling by upper accommodation classes and a waiting hall for passengers travelling by lower accommodation classes.
Gondia is situated on the broad gauge Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. The Gondia–Jabalpur Junction(Madhya Pradesh) section of South East Central Railway runs north-south, along the valley of the Wainganga River. The line was formerly narrow gauge (2 ft 6 in (762 mm)) along its entire length, but the section between Gondia and Balaghat was converted to broad gauge in 2005–2006, connecting Balaghat to India’s national broad gauge network for the first time. Work is underway to convert the Balaghat–Jabalpur section to broad gauge as well.
The great famine of 1878 provided an opportunity for the construction of 150 km long meter gauge link called the Nagpur Chhattisgarh Railway in 1882, connecting Nagpur with Rajnandgaon. Gondia railway station was created when this line started working in December 1888. The scope of BNR was greatly enhanced by a January 23,1902 contract that provided a railway line from Gondia to Jabalpur with branches from Nainpur to Mandla as well as Nainpur to Seoni and Chhindwara. Satpura Express, a narrow gauge train, began service in 1901 by the British Government and completed 100 years of service in 2001. This train held the unique distinction of operating a first class service on narrow gauge track, and it was the world’s fastest narrow gauge train. The first portion of the Gondia-Nainpur section of 73 miles was opened on 13 April 1903. It was further extended to Jabalpur in 1905. Initially, Gondia came under the Nagpur Chhattisgarh railway.
Place of interest
• Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary
• Hazara Falls
• Nawegaon National Park
• Suryadeo Mando Devi Temples
• Nawegaon Lake
• Navegaon National Park
• Kachargadh Caves
• Itiadoh Dam
• Chakradhar Swami Temple
• Tibetan Camp
• Chulbandh Dam
• Darekasa Caves
• Shree Sant Lahari Ashram