Saswad is a city and a municipal council in the Pune district of Maharashtra. Saswad is situated on the banks of Karha River.
The climate here is considered to be a local steppeclimate. There is little rainfall throughout the year. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is BSh. The average annual temperature in Sasvad is 23.9 °C. In a year, the average rainfall is 692 mm.
Saswad is a place with long history.It was on the ancient trade route connecting the coastal Konkan ports to the Deccaninteriors.Being on a trade route also made it a center for Buddhist Monasteries. The samadhi or the resting place of the 13th century varkari sant Sopan is located in the town.The annual Alandi to Pandharpur Wari of Dnyaneshwar Palkhi makes a halt in the town. In recent centuries it was known as the town at the foot of the historic Purandar fort.The first Peshwa from the Bhat family, Balaji Vishwanath had his base in the town. His son, Bajirao I moved his base in 1720 to nearby Pune and turned that place into a large city. During the 18th century, Saswad was the seat of Purandare family, hereditary knights of the Peshwa.The family’s palatial mansion,now crumbling, was an imposing sight during the late peshwa era.
In the 20th century, Aacharya Atre, the eminent Socialist leader, Marathi Writer and Filmmaker was born here. He was one of the Leaders of the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement.His series of books on the Movement. viz. Karheche Pani created Undisputed Place in the History of Marathi Language.